Photographs (left to right): Arches National Park, Utah; Adirondacks, New York; Bay of Fundy, Maine

The Wampum Belt Archive

Wampum Belts in Paintings and other Art Media


Shawnee Red Pole

Grand Indian Council at the Glaize

Painting by Hal Sherman and used with his permission.


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Painting depicting Red Pole, also known as Painted Pole, holding a string of wampum as he reprimands Red Jacket of the Seneca for not taking on the American. The meeting was held at the junction of the Auglaize and Maumee rivers new the present day Defiance, Ohio. Captain Johnny's village is in the upper right and George Ironside and Alexander McKee's trading houses are in the stockade. The famous cornfields which General Anthony Wayne talked of are also shown in the painting (Sherman, 2012).


Sherman, Hal. 2012. Personal Communications.

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