Photographs (left to right): Black Ant; Desert Lizard; California Palm. All California

The Wampum Belt Archive

Wampum Belts in Paintings and other Art Media


Egouishawey War Chief of the Ottawa

Grand Council Detroit on June 14, 1778
Painting Courtesy of Cecy Rose


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At a grand council held at Detroit on June 14, 1778, British Lieutenant Governor Henry Hamilton urged over one thousand Indians assembled before him from more than a dozen tribes of the Ohio Country and the Great Lakes region, to “take hold of the War Axe of Your Father the King” of England and strike a blow against the Americans. In this painting by Cecy Rose, Egouishawey, a war chief of the Ottawa nation, holds a “black” beaded wampum belt with a war hatchet woven into it to signify the intention of his people to accept Hamilton’s request.